The perineoplasty procedure is used to either tighten, loosen or cosmetically augment the perineal area between the anus and the vaginal opening.

Understanding the vaginal fistula

A vaginal fistula is an abnormal opening between the vagina and another organ, often caused by childbirth, surgery, or diseases like Crohn's. Symptoms vary based on the affected tissue but may include incontinence, foul-smelling discharge, and painful sex. Diagnosis involves a thorough medical history, physical examination, and possibly imaging tests.