Radiation-induced vaginal stenosis (narrowing of the vagina)

Narrowing of the vagina (vaginal stenosis) can occur as a result of cancer treatments. A narrow vagina can cause a few issues, in particular sexual issues, since proper penetration can't occur without pain or discomfort. Vaginal stenosis also causes issues with vaginal examinations, period flow, and giving birth.

AP resection and your vagina

An AP resection is surgery to remove part of your colon and vagina, which then requires reconstructive surgery to make your vagina and bowel (if possible) functional.

The radical cystectomy

This procedure removes the bladder, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, the front wall of the vagina, and the urethra.

Life after a pelvic exenteration (complete pelvic organ removal)

This procedure is the complete removal of all of your pelvic organs, usually due to extensive disease as a last resort.

Chemotherapy and your vagina, ovaries, uterus and cervix

Chemotherapy in your pelvis can have a few unexpected or uncomfortable impacts on your vagina, urinary tract, and hormones.

Common cancer treatments and how they affect sexuality and fertility

See what your treatment might have in store for you vaginally.

Cervical stenosis

Cervical stenosis is the narrowing - for whatever reason - of the cervix, the neck of tissue that joins the vagina and uterus. A narrow cervix can create a few issues with in-and-out flow between the uterus and the vagina, including sperm, periods and babies.

Atrophic vaginitis in breast cancer survivors

Moistening the vaginas of women suffering from the side-effects of breast cancer treatment.

The vulvectomy

Vulvectomy is the surgical removal of all or parts of the vulva, as part of treating a disease that has not responded to other treatments. A vulvectomy is a serious operation where the inner and outer labia, clitoris, and lymph nodes of the groin are removed.

Pelvic radiation therapy

Having radiation therapy on your pelvis can cause some unwelcome problems that can linger, like a dry, thickened vaginal wall, lack of moisture, and lack of flexibility.