Vaginal prolapse, pelvic organ prolapse and vaginal/pelvic relaxation syndromes

Vaginal and pelvic organ prolapse occurs when pelvic organs lose support and protrude into the vaginal canal, causing discomfort and health issues. This article delves into the various types, symptoms, and treatments of prolapse, including pelvic physiotherapy, pessaries, and surgical options. It highlights the importance of understanding fascia's role, the

Study: Long-term overweight at greater risk of endometrial cancer postmenopause

A comprehensive study reveals that postmenopausal women who have been overweight for extended periods during adulthood face a significantly higher risk of obesity-related cancers, particularly endometrial and kidney cancers. This groundbreaking research, assessing over 70,000 women, highlights the importance of maintaining a healthy weight throughout adulthood to mitigate cancer risks.

USA: painful sex and have Medicare? Your treatment is NO LONGER excluded from Medicare Part D

In a significant policy update, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has announced that medications for the treatment of painful sex, or dyspareunia, caused by menopause are now covered under Medicare Part D. This move acknowledges the struggles many postmenopausal women face with genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM),

Oral pilocarpine can moisten a dry vagina

Pilocarpine, traditionally used for dry mouth and eyes, shows promise in treating vaginal dryness, particularly in perimenopausal women undergoing chemotherapy. A 12-week study revealed significant improvements in vaginal moisture, with minimal side effects, marking it as a potential game-changer for those affected by this condition.

Review: Estrace vaginal oestrogen cream

Estrace is a prescription oestrogen-based vaginal cream designed to treat symptoms of vaginal atrophy associated with menopause or decreased oestrogen levels, such as dryness, itching, and burning. While effective, it carries risks, including impacts on blood oestrogen levels and a hefty price tag. Alternatives like oestriol (E3) forms, which do

Atrophic vaginitis caused by menopause has a new name

Previously known as vaginal atrophy, the discomfort many women experience during menopause has been renamed as Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause (GSM). This change, endorsed by leading health societies, reflects a broader understanding of the condition, encompassing symptoms affecting the vagina, vulva, and urinary tract. GSM represents a more accurate and

Hormones in perimenopause and menopause

This article explores the critical hormonal changes occurring during perimenopause and menopause, focusing on oestrogen, progesterone, testosterone, FSH, and LH. It delves into how these shifts contribute to common menopausal symptoms like hot flushes, mood changes, and alterations in menstrual cycles, offering insights into managing these changes.

The Vaginal Maturation Index

The Vaginal Maturation Index (VMI) is a vital diagnostic tool that evaluates the effect of oestrogen on the vaginal cells, helping in the assessment of menopausal stages, hormonal imbalances, and the impact of treatments like tamoxifen. By analyzing the ratio of parabasal, intermediate, and superficial cells, VMI offers insights into

Treatments for lax vaginal, pelvic or urinary tissue – ‘non-surgical vaginal rejuvenation’

Non-surgical vaginal rejuvenation offers a groundbreaking approach to tightening, revitalising, and improving the function of vaginal and pelvic tissues without the need for invasive procedures. Utilising advanced radiofrequency and laser technologies, these treatments promise enhanced vaginal strength, better moisture production, and significant improvements in stress urinary incontinence and menopausal symptoms,

Review: Luvena Restorative Moisturizer – how does it work?

Luvena Restorative Moisturizer, designed for vaginal dryness, combines moisturising agents like jojoba seed oil with bactericidal properties from ingredients such as lactoferrin. While many find relief, some report intense burning, raising concerns about its suitability for all. This review delves into its composition, effectiveness, and the controversy surrounding one of

Atrophic vaginitis in breast cancer survivors

Breast cancer survivors often face the challenge of atrophic vaginitis due to the cessation of oestrogen production from treatments. This condition, affecting up to 70% of survivors, leads to vaginal dryness, discomfort, and emotional distress. However, alternatives to E1 and E2 oestrogen therapy, such as E3 therapy, lifestyle changes, and

Cervical stenosis

Cervical stenosis involves the narrowing or closure of the cervix, leading to potential complications such as pelvic pain, fertility issues, and endometriosis. Understanding its causes, from foetal abnormalities to postmenopausal atrophy, and exploring treatment options, including dilators and surgery, can offer relief and improve quality of life for those affected.

Female sexuality

Female sexuality encompasses a broad spectrum of experiences, including the journey from teenage years to menopause, the significance of masturbation, and the complexities of sexual response and dysfunction. With research shedding light on these aspects, understanding female sexuality is key to embracing a harmonious state of sexual health as defined

Pelvic radiation therapy

Pelvic radiation therapy, used to treat various cancers within the pelvic region, significantly impacts the vagina and fertility. This article delves into the effects of radiation on vaginal health, including potential for vaginal narrowing, dryness, and the challenges it poses to sexual function. It also covers treatment options for maintaining

How to moisten a dry vagina

A dry vagina can be a source of discomfort and interfere with sexual activity. This article explores various solutions, including the use of lubricants during sex, daily vaginal moisturisers, and hormonal treatments like vaginal oestrogen creams and hyaluronic acid serum, to help maintain vaginal health and comfort. It provides practical